NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad or the authorities in the other country handles the child support case when one of the parents or the child lives abroad.
NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad’s address is: PO Box 8138, Dep., 0033 Oslo
Phone: (+47) 21 07 37 00
How is child support established?
Child support can be established in the three following ways:
- You can make a private agreement
- You can put forward a claim to have child support established by NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad or the authorities in the country where the custodial parent and child live.
- The custodial parent can choose to put forward a claim to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad or to the authorities in the country where he or she lives.
How can you make a private agreement?
You can freely agree upon the amount of child support that is to be paid. This allows you to adapt the amount of child support to your specific situation.
How does NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad establish child support?
Child support is always established on a discretionary basis when one of the parents or the child lives abroad. However, the same basic principles apply as when both parents are living in Norway. The cost of living in the parents’ and child’s respective countries is taken into account, in addition to the income level in each country, and differences in exchange rates.
When the child and both parents live in Norway, each parent must pay a fee when NAV establishes child support.
If one of you lives outside Norway, NAV will assess in each individual case whether a fee is to be claimed. The decisive factor is whether the agreement or convention that regulates the matter precludes the claiming of a fee. If this is not the case, NAV will claim a fee.
How is child support established abroad?
In most countries child support is established by court decision or settlement. If you wish to have child support established by the authorities in a country other than Norway, you must contact the correct authority/court in the country where the custodial parent lives.
If the custodial parent lives in a country that has ratified the Lugano Convention (Switzerland, Iceland and all EU countries), the non-custodial parent is as a general rule obliged to put forward his or her claim for the establishment or alteration of child support in the country where the custodial parent resides. The same convention gives the custodial parent the possibility to choose the country where he or she wishes to have child support established. Norway has ratified this convention.
When does your legal obligation to pay child support cease?
According to Norwegian legislation, your obligation to pay child support ceases the month after the child has turned 18.
After the child’s eighteenth birthday, the child and the non-custodial parent can make a private child support agreement. If the child continues normal schooling after he or she has turned 18, the child can put forward a claim to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad to have child support established above the age of 18. Normal schooling is primarily to be understood as schooling at a secondary level. When child support is established by NAV after the age of 18, the period for which the non-custodial parent has to pay child support, is always limited in time, and NAV sets a date for when the non-custodial parent’s obligation ceases.
Collection of child support
The main rule is that that the non-custodial parent has to pay child support directly to the custodial parent (or the child, when the child is above 18). The custodial parent can ask the authorities in the country where he or she lives for assistance in collecting child support.
When Norway and the other country in question have entered into a reciprocal agreement on collection of child support, or both countries have ratified one, or several, conventions on the colletion of child support payments, Norwegian authorities can assist the custodial parent in collecting child support.
If the claim for assistance is made by a foreign authority (which is the most common case), NAV will usually send child support that has been collected to the said authorities and they will in turn transfer the money to the custodial parent.
When NAV collects child support, no distinction is made between child support established by NAV, by a foreign authority or by private agreement. However, NAV must always have a copy of the decision or agreement.
How do you proceed if you want NAV establish the child support?
You must fill in the following forms: NAV 54-00.08 and NAV 54-00.15. (Look under Forms ). Along with the form is a list of documents that must be attached to your application.
There are limits to how far back in time NAV can establish child support. When you put forward a claim to have child support altered, the alteration will usually be made effective from the month after the claim was received (if the conditions for altering child support are met).
Notification of our decision
Both parties will receive a notification of our decision when NAV National Office for Social Security Abroad has handled the claim.
Most of the main information about your entitlements and duties is available here in English. There are also links to other more detailed information; however, som of this information is only available in Norwegian.