NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad or the authorities in the other country handles the child support case when one of the parents or the child lives abroad.
The address to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad is: PO Box 8138 Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway.
Phone number: (+47) 21 07 37 00.
How is child support established?
Child support can be established in the three following ways:
- You can make a private agreement
- You can put forward a claim to have child support established by NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad
- You can put forward a claim to have child support established by the authorities in the country where the non-custodial parent lives
How can you make a private agreement?
You can freely agree upon the amount of child support that is to be paid. This allows you to adapt the amount of child support to your specific situation. Read more about private agreements.
How does NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad establish child support?
Child support is always established on a discretionary basis when one of the parents or the child lives abroad. However, the same basic principles apply as when both parents are living in Norway. The cost of living in the parents’ and child’s respective countries is taken into account, in addition to the income levels in each country and differences in exchange rates.
When the child and both parents live in Norway, each parent must pay a fee when NAV establishes child support. If one of you lives outside Norway, NAV will assess in each individual case whether a fee is to be claimed. The decisive factor is whether the agreement or convention that regulates the matter precludes the claiming of a fee. If this is not the case, NAV will claim a fee.
How is child support established abroad?
In most countries child support is established by court decision or settlement. If you wish to have child support established by the authorities in the country where the non-custodial parent is living, you must contact the correct authority/court in the country where the custodial parent lives. If the non-custodial parent lives in a country in which Norway has a convention agreement with, then NAV can help you withforwarding the application to the appropriate authority.
If the non-custodial parent lives in a country that has ratified the Lugano Convention (Switzerland, Iceland and all EU countries), you can, as the custodial parent, choose where you wish to put forward your application to have child support established. As a general rule, the same convention obliges the non-custodial parent to put forward his or her application to have child support established or altered in the country where you live. In your case this means that your claim must be put forward in Norway. Norway has ratified this convention.
For how long can you receive child support?
According to Norwegian legislation, the child’s right to receive child support ceases the month after the child has turned 18.
After the child’s eighteenth birthday, the child and the non-custodial parent can make a private child support agreement. If the child continues normal schooling after he or she has turned 18, the child can put forward an application to have child support established above the age of 18. Normal schooling is primarily to be understood as schooling at a secondary level.
When NAV establishes child support above the age of 18, the period for which the non-custodial parent has to pay child support is always limited in time, and NAV sets a date when the non-custodial parent’s obligation ceases.
Collection of child support
The main rule is that that the non-custodial parent has to pay child support directly to you. If the non-custodial parent does not pay, you can often ask the authorities in the country where you live for assistance in collecting the child support. Whether this is possible will depend on the country where the non-custodial parent lives.
When Norway and the other country in question have entered into a reciprocal agreement on collection of child support, or both countries have ratified one, or several, conventions on the collection of child support payments, Norwegian authorities can assist you in collecting child support. You can apply directly to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad. NAV will then contact the authorities of the country in question. NAV must always have a copy of the child support decision or agreement.
Except between the Nordic countries, it is usually difficult to collect child support based on a private agreement, as most countries only accept court orders or administrative decisions.
Advance payments of child support
If you live in Norway, you may be entitled to advance payments of child support from NAV, if you meet the general conditions for receiving this benefit. Where the non-custodial parent lives is of no importance. When you receive advance payments of child support, child support must be paid through NAV. In this case, you cannot receive child support directly from the non-custodial parent.
Read more about advance payments of child support.
How do you proceed if you want NAV to establish the child support?
You must fill inn the following forms: NAV 54-00.15 and NAV 54- 00.05. (Look under Forms). Along with the forms is a list of documents that must be attached to your application. The forms and documentation have to be sent to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad.
There are limits to how far back in time NAV can establish child support. If you are not able to make a private agreement and you wish to put forward a claim for child support to NAV, you should do this as quickly as possible.
When you put forward a claim to have child support altered, the alteration will usually be made effective from the month after the claim was received (if the conditions for altering child support are met).
Notification of our decision
Both parties will receive a notification of our decision when NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad has handled the claim.
Most of the main information about your entitlements and duties is available here in English. There are also links to other more detailed information; however, some of this information is only available in Norwegian.