When can you lose the right to unemployment benefit?

If you no longer meet the criteria for unemployment benefit, NAV will cease payment. Payment will also cease if you fail to complete the activities you agreed to with NAV to find employment.

If your unemployment benefit payments have been suspended, and you want payments to resume, you must submit a claim. Below is a summary of situations that will make you ineligible for unemployment benefits.

When you are receiving wages, are on vacation, or are working more than 50 percent of full time.

You are not eligible for unemployment benefits in periods when you:

  • Are receiving wages or is entitled to wages. All types of compensation in connection with termination of employment will normally be considered wages.
  • Are on vacation. Vacation time means you want to be exempt from the duties that apply to job seekers, and you are not considered available for the labour market. Exception: If you have received unemployment benefit for more than 52 weeks, you can take holiday for up to four weeks without this affecting your entitlement to unemployment benefit. This also includes holidays abroad. The period of 52 weeks only includes days where you have received unemployment benefit or have received reduced payment due to the mandatory waiting period.
  • Are working full time or more than 50 percent of your ordinary working hours.

When you are receiving other benefits

You are not eligible for unemployment benefits in periods when you:

  • Are sick. Even though you are not entitled to unemployment benefit for the days you are sick, you may be entitled to sickness benefit. Please note that you will need a medical certificate from the first day of sickness. This also applies if you get sick during participation in an employment scheme and you are receiving unemployment benefit. Find out where to send your medical certificate
  • Are receiving sickness benefit, benefits according to chapter 9 (Attendance allowance etc.), parental benefit in connection with birth or adoption, pregnancy benefit, work assessment allowance (AAP), stand-off severance pay, pension from a public occupational pension scheme, private retirement pension (does not apply to the new tariff-based early retirement pension in the private sector as of 01 January 2011). If these benefits are reduced, you may still be eligible for coordinated unemployment benefits, which means that any other benefits you are receiving will be deducted from your unemployment benefit.
  • Are receiving unemployment benefit from the Guarantee Fund for Fishermen.

When you are in school, completing your initial service in the armed forces, or institutionalized

You are not eligible for unemployment benefits in periods when you:

When you are on strike or have been laid off

You are not eligible for unemployment benefits in periods when you:

  • Are involved in a strike, lockout or other labour dispute.
  • Are laid off due to strike, lockout or other labour dispute at your place of employment, and your wages or employment conditions are presumed to be affected by this dispute. Read more about  unemployment benefit and lay-offs.

When you are abroad

You are not eligible for unemployment benefits in periods when you are abroad. There are some exceptions to the requirement of staying in Norway, including those who have been allowed (PDU certificate) to keep their unemployment benefit rights while seeking employment in another EEA and who have NAV’s permission to travel abroad. Read more about Unemployment benefit in connection with unemployment in an EEA country.

There is also an exception for those how have been receiving unemployment benefits for more than 52 weeks. These individuals may take a vacation lasting up to 4 weeks without losing their unemployment benefit rights.

If you are personally responsible for becoming unemployed

If you are personally responsible for becoming unemployed, you must normally wait 12 weeks before you can start collecting unemployment benefit. This applies if you have resigned or quit your job without reasonable cause, or if you have been summarily dismissed or terminated due to circumstances for which you are to blame. The mandatory waiting period starts on the date that you are granted unemployment benefit. If you find employment, become sick, or participate in other activities that would otherwise cause you to become ineligible for unemployment benefits for a given period, the waiting period will be extended accordingly.

If this happens more than once over a 12-month period, the waiting period is increased to 26 weeks.

You must submit employment status forms throughout the entire period.

Suspending unemployment benefit payments

Your unemployment benefits will be suspended for a period of 12 weeks if you, without reasonable cause:

  • Fail to apply to jobs or accept employment offers anywhere in the country.
  • Refuse to participate in or quit an employment scheme.
  • Resign from or otherwise quit your job.
  • Are summarily dismissed or terminated due to circumstances for which you are to blame.

Assessments into what constitutes “reasonable cause” is normally quite strict.

Your unemployment benefits will be suspended for a period of 4 weeks if you, without reasonable cause, fail to attend a meeting with NAV when you have been summoned. If you are unable to attend because you are sick, you will need a medical certificate.

Unemployment benefit suspensions and extended waiting periods can only be applied as a result of circumstances from the last 6 months.

If a circumstance specified above takes place more than once over a 12-month period, the waiting period will be extended.

In order to requalify for unemployment benefits, you must have remained a genuine job seeker and have submitted employment status forms throughout the entire period.

In the event your appeal against a decision to cease payment of unemployment benefits is successful, you will only be eligible for back pay if you have remained a genuine job seeker and have submitted employment status forms.

Your unemployment benefit period continues to run during any waiting periods or suspensions.

What happens when NAV ceases payment of the unemployment benefit?

If your unemployment benefit payments have been suspended, and you want payments to resume, you must submit a claim to that effect.

If you apply on or after 1 July 2019, you cannot be granted unemployment benefit with retroactive effect. It is therefore important that you submit your application for resumption of unemployment benefit at the latest on the day from which you want to receive unemployment benefit.

This is an administrative decision, and you have the right to appeal it.