Who is entitled to sickness benefits?
- You must be a member of the National Insurance Scheme.
- You must be occupationally disabled due to a disability that is clearly caused by own illness or injury.
- You must have been working for at least four weeks.
- You must lose pensionable income due to your occupational disability. It is a condition that income for sick pay amounts to at least 50 percent of the National Insurance basic amount (Grunnbeløpet i folketrygden). This income limit does not apply to sickness benefits paid during the employer liability period.
Your occupational disability may be documented by a personal declaration or by a sick leave certificate from your doctor. If your illness or injury is directly related to the musculo-skeletal system, a chiropractor or manual therapist can also document your occupational disability for up to 12 weeks.
Please note that special rules apply for self-employed or freelancers and certain groups who do not have ordinary employment. Special groups (sailors, farmers, herders, fishermen, conscripts, persons who have temporarily been out of work, disabled and people between 67 and 70 years). If you receive a foster care allowance, you will be considered a freelancer. If you receive Cash benefits for care (text in Norwegian), you will be considered as a freelancer, unless you are employed in an enterprise.
If you are sick during the holiday, you may claim a corresponding number of days off later in the year. Such a claim must be supported by a medical certificate and be submitted as soon as possible after return to work. Read more at arbeidstilsynet.no. Be aware that there are certain rules if you are on sickness benefit and plan to travel abroad (text in Norwegian).
Activity requirements and follow up
In order to be entitled to sickness benefits, you must attempt work related activities as soon as possible.
Within 4 weeks, you and your employer must create a follow-up plan that aims for your return to work as soon as possible. If you have not started work related activities within 8 weeks, an expanded medical certificate is required that documents significant medical problems preventing work related activities.
If your sick leave is shorter than 12 weeks, your occupational disability is considered in relation to your occupation. In the event of long-term sick leave, an evaluation is also made of whether you are occupationally disabled in relation to all appropriate jobs.
Read more about following up employees on sick leave (text in Norwegian).
If you temporarily can not travel as usual to and from the workplace due to illness or injury, you may be entitled to travel subsidies instead of sick pay from the 17th day after you went on sick leave.
How much will you receive?
Sickness benefits from your employer
Your employer pays sickness benefits the first 16 calendar days and settles a basis for the sickness benefits.
If your first day of absence is in 2018, the basis for the sickness benefits will be your average weekly salary in a specific time period prior to your becoming occupationally disabled (normally the past four weeks). If your job entails shifting periods on and off work, or a varying income, we may use a longer time period to calculate your benefits.
If your salary has changed permanently during the past four weeks, the calculation will be based on your income from the time your salary was changed. The calculation of your sickness benefits is based solely on your salary. Any other compensation such as a car allowance or per diem is not included in the calculation. Overtime and holiday pay is also not included in the basis for the calculation.
From 1 January 2019 new rules will be introduced for how the sickness benefit basis is calculated.
If you have your first day of absence in 2019.
The sickness benefit basis shall be calculated in accordance with the new rules. The sickness benefit basis is therefore your average income from the last three full calendar months before the first day of absence. This also applies if you have variable work hours or income. If your salary has been permanently changed during the last three months, the income is calculated from the date your salary was changed. Only earned income is included in the sickness benefit basis. Overtime and holiday pay are not included in the sickness benefit basis.
You may get sickness benefits equivalent to full wages, but you are not entitled to a sickness benefit basis exceeding 6 G (national insurance base). Employers who advance sickness benefits, may also decide to pay sickness benefits exceeding this amount. This is a matter between you and your employer.
Sickness benefits from the National Insurance Scheme
If NAV shall pay the sickness benefit from the 17th day, we stipulate a separate sickness benefit basis. If your first day of absence is in 2018, your weekly income is converted to an annual income. If your first day of absence is in 2019, your average income from the last three full calendar months is converted to an annual income. If this annual income deviates more than 25% from the income you had in the past 12 months, the sickness benefit basis shall be determined by discretion.
Employees can get 100 percent of the sickness benefit basis in sickness benefits, but NAV does not pay sickness benefits for a sickness benefit base beyond 6 times the amount of the national insurance base.
By graded (partial) sick leave, you are entitled to sick pay for the part you are sick. Sickness can be graded from 100 percent down to 20 percent.
If you have received sickness benefits from the National Insurance, you may be entitled to holiday pay.You only get holiday pay for the first 48 days you receive sickness benefits in the respective year. Holiday pay amounts to 10.2 percent of the amount from the first 48 days.
Sickness benefits when you have more than one job
If you are on sick leave from more than one job, you must have a sick leave certificate from each of your employers. The sickness benefit basis will be calculated on your total income.
If you are receiving foster allowance (text in Norwegian) or care benefit in combination with other income, you are considered to have more than one job.
Working as a freelance in combination with other employment
If you have income both as a freelancer and an employee, you will receive sickness benefit according to the provisions for employees.
How long are you entitled to receive sickness benefits?
You may receive sickness benefits for a maximum of 52 weeks. This time limit applies even if you have been on full or partial sick leave. Other rules apply if you are between 67 and 70 years old.
In order to be entitled to sickness benefits from the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration again, you must have been fully able to work for 26 weeks after you last received sickness benefits from us.
How do you apply?
You apply by filling out the "Egenerklæring" on Part D of the sick leave form, before giving it to the person or entity that disburses sick pay. Your employer pays for the first 16 calendar days (the employer period). If you are sick longer than that, NAV pays the sickness benefits. In some cases your employer will advance your sick pay and be reimbursed by NAV. Check with your employer what applies in your workplace. Part C of the sick leave form must always be given to your employer.
Read more about where to submit your sick leave forms (text in Norwegian).
Documents to be submitted with your application
NAV can not process the application for sickness benefits until your employer has filled out and sent us your income report digitally. If you have Fixed deductions from your salary, your employer must also fill in the form "Trekkopplysninger" (NAV 08-30.02).
You will find the forms under "Forms".
Read more about the digital income report at nav.no/inntektsmelding.
Changes in your income or work situation may affect the payment you receive from the NAV. Visits abroad may also affect your payment. You must therefore immediately report any such changes NAV.
NAV will review your application after we have received your application (completed Part D of the sick leave form) and Income Information form from your employer.
See processing times in NAV (text in Norwegian).
If your application is granted, see Payment dates, holiday pay and tax withholding.
You can also check your payments on the Utbetalingsoversikt service.