Paternal quota (paternity leave), maternal quota and shared period

The parental benefit period is comprised of the paternal quota, maternal quota and the shared period.

The parental benefit you are entitled to, must be used before the child turns 3 years. In the case of adoption, you must claim your parental benefits within the first three years after the date on which you assumed care and before the child turns 15.

Paternal quota

  • The paternal quota is 10 weeks.
  • In order to be eligible for a paternal quota, both the father and the mother must have accumulated individual rights to parental benefits. Read more about your rights if the mother isn't entitled to parental benefit.
  • If the mother has sole parental responsibility for the child and is entitled to parental benefit, the paternal quota is transferred to her. However, the parents may still agree that the father can claim the paternal quota, but the father will then have to apply for this specifically, adding a note from the mother which confirms that the child is in Your care the days you apply for.
  • If the mother is not entitled to parental benefit, and she has received a lump-sum grant, you are not entitled to a paternal quota.
  • If you have not accumulated individual rights to parental benefit, the paternal quota is transferred to the mother.

If you do not claim your paternal quota, you will forfeit these weeks of the benefit period, unless you are too sick to care for the child. In that case, the paternal qouta can be transferred to the mother if she make an application to NAV.

Co-mothers have the same rights as fathers.

How to claim your paternal quota

You may choose to claim your paternal quota whenever you want during the parental benefit period, with the exception of the weeks prior to the due date and the first six weeks after birth. For medical reasons, these weeks are reserved for the mother.

You may choose to complete your paternal quota as one continuous period, or you may choose to draw graded parental benefits, which can take several forms. If you wish to postpone your paternal quota, your application must have been received by NAV no later than the final day of the shared period. If you submit your application too late, you will lose benefit days. The date of the final day of the shared period is specified in the grant of entitlement sent to the mother.

If you want to use the paternal quota just after the shared period, you must remember to apply at the right time.

The paternal quota is not subject to requirements regarding the mother's activity.

Maternal quota

  • The maternal quota is 10 weeks.
  • In order to be eligible for a maternal quota, you must have accumulated individual rights to parental benefits.

For medical reasons, you must claim the first 6 weeks of the maternal quota immediately after birth. The remaining 4 weeks can be claimed immediately after, or you may choose to draw so-called graded parental benefits. .

When it comes to birth, 3 of the weeks in the shared benefit period are reserved for the mother and must be used prior to the due date.

These 9 weeks must be taken continuously and can not be graded or postponed.  

The mother may choose to start drawing Parental benefits up to 12 weeks before her due date. In these cases, this will be subtracted from the shared period.

The maternal quota is not subject to requirements regarding the father's activity.

Important information about postponing the paternal or maternal quota

You may choose to postpone your quota until the child is older, but you must apply for postponement, and your application must have been received by NAV no later than the final day of the shared period. This date is specified in the letter granting the mother entitlement to parental benefit. If you submit your application too late, you will lose benefit days. For example, if your application is five days late, you lose five days of your quota.

Shared period

The shared period is the remainder of the parental benefit period after the 3 weeks prior to the due date and the 10 weeks with paternal quota and the 10 weeks with maternal quota is subtracted. The shared period is therefore 26 or 36 weeks long, depending on whether you've chosen 100 percent og 80 percent degree of coverage. If the delivery takes place after the due date, these days will be subtracted from the shared period. The rest of the shared period can be distributed between you as you choose.

If the father is claiming all or part of the shared period, the mother has to fulfil certain requirements regarding activity.

How do you apply for parental benefit?

You must submit an application for parental benefit - maternal quota,  paternal quota and the shared period.In order to receive parental benefit in time and prevent you from waiving your rights, you must apply at the right time.

You can apply for parental benefit electronically at the self-service option “Ditt NAV”.

Your employer can claim a refund from the National Insurance Scheme if he or she pays you your full wage during your parental leave. To do this, your employer must tick the relevant box on the income and tax information form, stating that he or she wants the parental benefit paid to them. However, as the employee, you must still submit a separate application for parental benefit in order for your employer to get a refund.

If you have any questions, you can contact NAV at tel.: 55 55 33 33.

Report changes

If your income or family and/or work situation changes, or you are planning a stay abroad, this may significantly affect the amount of benefits paid by NAV. That is why you must report any changes to NAV immediately.

Payments

For information about payment dates, see payment information.

You can also check your payments using the Your payments service.