Occupational injury and illness

Occupational injury is defined as a personal injury, illness or death resulting from an occupational accident. An illness may also be approved as an occupational illness if it is a result of a harmful influence from the working environment and is one of the illnesses mentioned in the regulations relating to occupational illnesses.

How to report occupational injury and illness

If an accident occurs in the workplace, the employer is obliged to send the claim form to NAV. If your employer has not done this, you may report the injury or illness yourself. Several different report forms are available. You will find the correct form under Forms. You may also contact NAV by calling +47 55 55 33 33 if you have questions, or need help in filling out the form.

What is the time limit for reporting an occupational injury or illness?

Your employer must submit a report form to NAV as soon as possible. An occupational injury must be reported within one year of the occupational accident. An occupational illness must be reported within one year of you becoming aware of the cause of the illness.

NAV may in certain circumstances grant exception from this notification deadline. It must then be clear that the case concerns an occupational injury or there must be special reasons why the report form has not been submitted within the time limit.

What happens when NAV receives the report form?

NAV will assess as quickly as possible whether the injury or illness may be approved. To help its assessment, NAV may require documentation from your employer, doctor or others. This may be:

  • A more detailed description of the injury
  • Details about the harmful influence (in case of occupational illness)
  • Information from your GP or other attending physician
  • Information from your former employers (relevant to occupational illness if you have had several employers)

When NAV has finished processing your case you will receive an administrative decision in the mail. If the injury or illness is approved, you will also receive information about benefit for an approved occupational injury/illness

What does the law say?

It is a condition that the occupational accident has occurred or the harmful influence has taken place while you are covered for occupational injuries. This means that you must belong to one of the groups of persons mentioned in Sections 13-6 to 13-13 of the National Insurance Act. Most of the employee groups are covered for occupational injury through their employment (compulsory occupational injury coverage). Special rules with extended occupational injury coverage apply to conscripts and certain other military personnel (site in Norwegian).

The Act does not cover children in nursery (pre-school children).

Are you self-employed or a freelancer?

Self-employed persons and freelancers must take out voluntary occupational injury insurance (site in Norwegian) in order to be entitled to occupational injury coverage.

What are the benefits?

If the occupational injury or illness is approved, you may be entitled to social security benefits under more favourable rules than usual. If you have a permanent disability resulting from an occupational injury or illness, you may be entitled to compensation for permanent injury. Read more about benefit for approved occupational injury, among other things, covarage of health care costs, etc.

Other provisions

In addition to the provisions under the National Insurance Act relating to occupational injuries, you may also be eligible for benefits under Act no. 65 of 16 June 1989 relating to occupational injury insurance. Employers are obliged to take out occupational injury insurance in private insurance companies.


Most of the main information about your entitlements and duties is available here in English. There are also links to other more detailed information; however, some of this information is only available in Norwegian.