Child support (child maintenance)

If the parents of a child do not live together, the non-custodial parent must pay fixed contributions to the custodial parent for the child’s maintenance and education.

The parents may either enter into a private agreement on child support or apply for this to be established by NAV.

Who pays / receives child support?

As a parent you have a duty to support your children. The parent who is not living with the child must pay fixed contributions to the other parent for maintenance and education of the child (section 67 of the Children Act).  It may also be necessary to pay child support when the child has a shared residence (only available in Norwegian).

Child support must not be confused with child benefit or advance payments of child support, which are public benefits.

The duty to pay child support usually lasts until the month the child turns 18. If the child is attending upper secondary school or the equivalent, he or she may be entitled to child support after the age of 18 (only available in Norwegian). The child support will then be paid to the child.

Size of the child support payment

In general, the parents should seek to enter into a private agreement. You are free to agree on the size of the amount and adjust this to your personal circumstances. We recommend using NAV’s child support calculator (only available in Norwegian) if you need guidance.

You may also apply for NAV to establish the child support payments. There are many factors that affect the size of the child support when it is established by NAV. If you want to learn more, we recommend that you read a more detailed description of whats taken into account when NAV calculates child support (only available in Norwegian).

Payment of child support

The child support payment may be transferred between you, without involving NAV. It does not matter whether the child support has been established by NAV or in a private agreement. The only condition is that the custodial parent does not receive advance support payments from NAV.

The person paying and the person receiving the child support may also require that NAV administers the transfer of the payment. It does not matter whether the child support has been established by NAV or through a private agreement. Collection of the child support is free of charge.

When you apply for establishment of child support or use a standard form to enter into a private agreement, you can cross off whether you want the payments to be collected by NAV or to be settled between you.

How to apply for child support

If you enter into a private agreement, you do not need to apply for child support or to notify NAV. You may use a standard form from NAV, which you will find in the article on private agreements.

If you do not agree on a private agreement, both the custodial and the non-custodial parent may apply for establishment by NAV. You must both pay a charge of NOK 1049. Read more on how to apply for child support through NAV.

Alteration of child support payment

If the child support payments have been established by NAV and NAV is collecting these, the amount is adjusted automatically (only available in Norwegian) the year the child turns 6, 11 and 15.

You must apply for alteration of the payments yourself if there are changes that affect the size of the child support and you would like NAV to take this into account. This may include a change in the visitation arrangement (only available in Norwegian) or income of one of the parents.

Instead of applying for NAV to re-establish the size of the child support, you may agree privately on the amount of child support that is to be paid. You may use the child support calculator (only available in Norwegian) to calculate the new size of the payment.

How to appeal the decision?

If NAV has established the child support, each parent may appeal the decision in the case. You may also appeal the decision on collection of child support.

Read more on how to appeal in child support cases.

Payment of child support

If you have signed a private agreement, you may set your own deadline for the payments.

If NAV collects the child support, NAV will forward the payments to the custodial parent as soon as these are received. This means that child support may be paid up to three weeks before the month to which they apply. The payment deadline for the non-custodial parent is the 25th of the month before the month to which the child support applies.

Read more about Payment dates, holiday pay and tax withholding

Children over the age of 18

If the child is attending upper secondary school or the equivalent, he or she may be entitled to child support after the age of 18. The child is then the receiver of the payments.

One of the parents or the child lives abroad

If one of you lives abroad, the one who does not live with the child still has to pay child support. Read more about child support when the non-custodial or custodial parent lives abroad.

Questions

If you have questions or need more information, call NAV on telephone +47 55 55 33 33.


Most of the main information about your entitlements and duties is available here in English. There are also links to other more detailed information; however, som of this information is only available in Norwegian.